DEVELOPING NATION IS DEVELOPING SKILLS
India is a developing and emerging country located in South Asia. It is the biggest democracy in the world, and one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. It is currently the 7th richest country in the world and is expected to be the 3rd largest world economy after China and the United States by 2025. India is an example of a country which is getting richer not only in money but in the skills of individuals as well.
India is witnessing the emergence of jobs that we have never heard of before, and the demand for such is rapidly increasing.
India's government has ambitious plans to turn India into a prosperous middle-income nation with fast growth, fast productivity. The economy is now diversifying from being largely agro-based to an economy based on manufacturing and services. Such ambitious plans to turn the Indian economy are highly dependent on work availability and labor-power efficiency. In the past few years, this has contributed to growing competition for skilled labor.
For the next two decades, every year, more than 12 million young people between the ages of 15 and 29 are projected to join the working-age population of India. Recent skill gap research by the government estimates that further 109 million or so qualified workers will be required in the economy's 24 primary sectors by 2022.
India is creating 8.1 million high skilled jobs. In 2017, 5.5 Million jobs were created to keep employment rates constant between 2015 to 2025.
It is estimated that there may be more than 100 million fresh entrants in the labor market by the year 2022.
Other countries may think wonder how this is possible within a short period given the contrasts in the drawbacks of India.
The need of the hour is identifying the gaps and developing and honing those skills to those in the job market.
Only a few people would have a chance to enhance their skills as not everyone is able to afford upskilling. Those that are not able to afford upskilling end up neglecting the process of developing their skills, and in turn, developing themselves.
At the center and state level, the Indian Government is introducing several programs such as Vocational Training Institutes for Women, Basic Training Centers and Related Instruction Centers, even Industrial Training Institutes that facilitate the production of practical ability. Although these are fantastic measures, what is important is that as the policy shifts, these programs should not become meaningless.
India is developing many smart plans, some of which are:
1. Government of India on
July 15, 2015, came up with the “Skill India” campaign that was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
July 16, 2015, came up with “PMKVY” (Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana) that was launched to train over 1 crore Indian youth in different sectors from 2016-2020.
2. Government of Karnataka on May 15, 2017 camp up with “Karnataka Koushalya Mission” to train over 1.88 people in different sectors from 2017-2030. The government of Karnataka has set up the “Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and Livelihood (SDEL)”.
The SDEL came up with different schemes, such as:
CMKKY - Chief Minister’s Kaushalya Karnataka Yojana
PMKVY- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
DDUGKY - Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
RGCY - Rajiv Gandhi Chaitanya Yojana
NRLM - National Rural Livelihood Mission
NULM - National Urban Livelihoods Mission
Why the Government of India and the Government of Karnataka are coming up with such plans?
The idea of the government is to add to the skill-sets of individuals and to decrease the poverty level in the country.
Is it an opportunity or a challenge?
It is an opportunity for the Youth and who are unemployed.
It is a challenge to the Government, to get all the youth or unemployed to use those opportunities.
India being one of the youngest countries in the world, these skillset training will give opportunities to learn and to be employed, thereby decreasing unemployment and poverty in India.
Does the government conduct such programs on its own?
Owing to India’s large population, that is again spread out in a large area, it is not feasible for the Government alone to conduct such trainings. Hence, they are collaborated with private and some public sectors to do conduct this training. Such collaborations are usually on a long-term basis.
Are these schemes chargeable?
No, the training will be free; candidates need not pay any amount for training. The training is sponsored by the Government.
World Bank supports the country's dream and has approved a US$ 250 million Skill India Mission Operation (SIMO) to help India's young labor force acquire the market-relevant skills required in today's highly competitive job market. The project will help the Government of India’s Skill India initiative and aims to tackle the dual challenge of ensuring greater access to training as well as providing quality training that leads to jobs.
The SIMO system will build on its ten-year relationship with the country to develop skills, and concentrate on developing high-quality training programs focused on market-relevant skills over the next six years of its service. It will directly target potential entrants to the labor market and will work towards enhancing the standard of existing skills programmes.
Public-private partnerships should be supported in the creation of curricula for training packages. The initiative will also aim to create a Skills Fund for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), in which the private sector will be offered opportunities to use their CSR funds for skill development activities.
There are several NGOs and foundations that are providing skill development trainings free of cost.
In particular, the program will facilitate the creation of skill development programs for women, disadvantaged groups, tribes, and people with disabilities to allow them to acquire the